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材料工程基础综合考试大纲

September 10 2018

考试内容:材料科学与工程等相关基础知识;

 

参考书目:

《材料科学基础》(修订版) 潘金生,仝健民,田民波, 清华大学出版社, 2011年;

《材料科学与工程基础》作者:Donald R.Askeland ;出版社:清华大学出版社;出版日期:2006

 

考试大纲:

 

材料科学与工程基础*

 

1. Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

1.1 What is Materials Science and Engineering

1.2 Classification of Materials

1.3 Functional Classification of Materials

1.4 Classification of Materials Based on Structure

1.5 Environmental and Other Effects

1.6 Materials Design and Selection

 

2. Atomic Structure

2.1 The Structure of Materials: Technological Relevance

2.2 The Structure of the Atom

2.3 The Electronic Structure of the Atom

2.4 The Periodic Table

2.5 Atomic Bonding

2.6 Binding Energy and Interatomic Spacing

 

3. Atomic and Ionic Arrangements

3.1 Short-Range Order versus Long-Range Order

3.2 Amorphous Materials: Principles and Technological Applications

3.3 Lattice, Unit Cells, Basis, and Crystal Structures

3.4 Allotropic or Polymorphic Transformations

3.5 Points, Directions, and Planes in the Unit Cell

3.6 Interstitial Sites

3.7 Crystal Structures of lonic Materials

3.8 Covalent Structures

3.9 Diffraction Techniques for Crystal Structure Analysis

 

4. Imperfections in the Atomic and lonic Arrangements

4.1 Point Defects

4.2 Other Point Defects

4.3 Dislocations

4.4 Significance of Dislocations

4.5 Schmid's Law

4.6 Influence of Crystal Structure

4.7 Surface Defects

4.8 Importance of Defects

 

5. Atom and lon Movements in Materials

 

5.1 Applications of Diffusion

5.2 Stability of Atoms and lons

5.3 Mechanisms for Diffusion

5.4 Activation Energy for Diffusion

5.5 Rate of Diffusion (Fick's First Law)

5.6 Factors Affecting Diffusion

5.7 Permeability of Polymers

5.8 Composition Profile (Fick's Second Law)

5.9 Diffusion and Materials Processing

 

6. Mechanical Properties: Fundamentals and Tensile, Hardness, and Impact Testing

 

6.1 Technological Significance

6.2 Terminology for Mechanical Properties

6.3 The Tensile Test: Use of Stress-Strain Diagram

6.4 Properties Obtained from the Tensile Test

6.5 True Stress and True Stain

6.6 The Bend Test for Brittle Materials

6.7 Hardness of Materials

6.8 Strain Rate Effects and Impact Behavior

6.9 Properties Obtained from the Impact Test

 

7. Fracture Mechanics, Fatigue, and Creep Behavior

7.1 Fracture Mechanics

7.2 The Importance of Fracture Mechanics

7.3 Microstructural Features of Fracture in Metallic Materials

7.4 Microstructural Features of Fracture in Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites

7.5 Weibull Statistics for Failure Strength Analysis

7.6 Fatigue

7.7 Results of the Fatigue Test

7.8 Application of Fatigue Testing

7.9 Creep, Stress Rupture, and Stress Corrosion

7.10 Evaluation of Creep Behavior

 

8. Ceramic Materials

8.1 Applications of Ceramics

8.2 Properties of Ceramics

8.3 Synthesis and Processing of Ceramic Powders

8.4 Characteristics of Sintered Ceramics

8.5 Inorganic Glasses

8.6 Glass-Ceramics

8.7 Processing and Applications of Clay Products

8.8 Refractories

8.9 Other Ceramic Materials

 

9. Polymers

9.1 Classification of Polymers

9.2 Addition and Condensation Polymerization

9.3 Degree of Polymerization

9.4 Typical Thermoplastics

9.5 Structure–Property Relationships in Thermoplastics

9.6 Effect of Temperature on Thermoplastics

9.7 Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastics

9.8 Elastomers (Rubbers)

9.9 Thermosetting Polymers

9.10 Adhesives

9.11 Polymer Processing and Recycling

 

10. Composites: Teamwork and Synergy in Materials

10.1 Dispersion-Strengthened Composites

10.2 Particulate Composites

10.3 Fiber-Reinforced Composites

10.4 Characteristics of Fiber-Reinforced Composites

10.5 Manufacturing Fibers and Composites

10.6 Fiber-Reinforced Systems and Applications

10.7 Laminar Composite Materials

10.8 Examples and Applications of Laminar Composites

10.9 Sandwich Structures

 

备注*:初试题目及作答均需使用中文